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Saturday, August 24, 2019

Anxiety Disorders:Phobias

Anxiety Disorders:Phobias
Anxiety Disorders:Phobias 

What is a phobia?

A phobia is an overwhelming, irrational fear of a specific object, place or event, for example, spiders, needles or darkness. In other words, a phobia is an anxiety disorder which is marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation (a phobia focuses anxiety on a specific object, activity, or situation). Coming into contact with the phobic specific situation or object triggers anxiety or an anxiety attack. Individuals then believe that if they are placed in such a (or similar) situation, they would again become just as anxious as the first time, and therefore avoid these situation (or objects and the like), or they will leave such stituations, events or objects the very moment they experience feelings of panic.

There are a number of serious phobias, however, with a large number of phobias such as mice (or Murophobia) they do not lead to incapacitating distress or hindrances in one’s life and the person can accept it and live relatively functionally. However, some, as mentioned, are incapacitating. Social Phobias are among the more serious types of phobias (Social Phobia is also known as Social Anxiety Disorder). Basically, this is where a person is troubled by a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations in where embarrassment may result or occur. This type of phobia poses more anxiety for the sufferer than what other specific phobias do such as phobias of specific animals or insects, or of height, or blood among many more. With such phobias, the distress is not as significant to that of other types of phobias. Some situations, activities or objects are less difficult to avoid in where the person is far less likely to be exposed to the object or situation. For example, a child with a fear of heights may not face the challenges to the same degree as as child with a fear of speaking up or going to parties where they may sweat, tremble, or have diarrhea. Social phobia is shyness at an extreme level.

Phobias fall under the category (in the ICD-10 AM) of neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders or otherwise know as “anxiety” disorders. Here is a list of some of the more common phobias:
Snakes- Ophidiophobia
Crowds- Demophobia
Amphibians, frogs, newts, salamanders- Batrachophobia
Doctors or going to the doctor- Iatrophobia
Bacteria- Bacteriophobia
Relatives- Syngenesophobia
Men- Androphobia
Sharks- Selachophobia
Cats- Ailurophobia
Dentists- Dentophobia
Speaking- Lalophobia
Mice- Murophobia
People or society- Anthropophobia
Failure or defeat- Kakorrhaphiophobia
Becoming bald- Phalacrophobia
Mirrors- Catoptrophobia
Long waits- Macrophobia
Getting wrinkles- Rhytiphobia
Red lights, blushing or the colour red- Ereuthophobia
The colour black- Melanophobia
Pins, needles or pointed objects- Aichmophobia
Becoming ill- Nasophobia
Hospitals- Nosocomephobia

And some other phobias that mat be perceived as “interesting” are as follows :Marriage- Gamophobia
Knees- Genuphobia
Cooking- Mageirocophobia
The figure 8- Octophobia
Horses- Equinophobia
Teenagers- Ephebiphobia
Balloons- Globophobia
Colours- Chromatophobia
Stuttering- Psellismophobia
Sleep or being hypnotized- Hypnophobia
Being tickled by feathers- Pteronophobia

more:-Mental Disorders
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