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Tuesday, August 13, 2019

Depression(A Psychologist answers your questions about)

                             Depression

                        A Psychologist answers your questions about:

Depression
Depression
Q. What is Depression?
A. Basically, depression is a mood disturbance that gives us the feeling of being sad, lonely or disappointed.
Q. Does it affect all groups?
A. Yes. Elderly people, children, and all those in between, sometimes become depressed. Women are more likely than men to be treated for depression.
Q. What causes depression?
A. Depression can be caused by environmental stress such as unfavorable working conditions, neglect as a child, or an unpleasant social or family life. Some depression can be caused by an imbalance of mood influencing chemicals in the brain. Genetic theories state that some people have a predisposition to these imbalances. Finally, personality factors play a role. For example, people who are demanding, highly self critical, and the perfectionist type tend to be prone to depression.
Q. What can be done about it?
A. Depression is usually treated with medical intervention and/or psychotherapy. The medical intervention usually involves medication to control chemical imbalances in the severely depressed. On the other hand, psychotherapy helps the person to become more self aware and aims at building self confidence and self worth. This technique works at teaching the depressed person to work out solutions to life's problems. The therapist also offers emotional support and encouragement during the process.
Q. What type of professionals treat depression?
A. Psychologists, psychiatrists, and, in some instances, social workers are usually sought out for the treatment of depression.
Q. What should I do if I, or one of my family members become depressed for a period of time?
A. First, have physical problems ruled out as a cause of your depression. At that point seek out, or ask your physician to refer you to an appropriate professional for psychotherapy.
Q. How long will I have to go to therapy?
A. It depends on the severity of the problem. Depression can be looked at like a learned helplessness. Psychotherapy can be thought of as a learning process aimed at helping you to become effective in coping with life on a daily basis. To be more specific, however, it can be as short as a few months seeing your therapist once a week, or as long as several years.
Q. That sounds like it could be very expensive?
A. It can be. However, most therapists have a sliding scale according to your income and many insurance plans pay part of the fee for the treatment of depression. To see if you are depressed, take the quiz for depression.  If you answer yes to some of the questions, you are probably depressed or, at the very least, prone to depression.

    Depression Quiz

  •    Are you having a difficult time concentrating?
  • Are you irritable?
  • Do you tend to neglect your responsibilities?
  • Have you had a change of appetite?
  • Do you feel an emotional emptiness?
  • Are you unable to find pleasure in the simple things in life?
  • Have you lost your warm feelings toward your family and friends?
  • Do you suffer from loss of self confidence?
  • Do you suffer from self blame and guilt?
  • Do you have feelings of hopelessness?
  • Are you bothered by sleep disturbances (insomnia, early morning wakefulness, sleep too much)?
  • Do you have medically unexplained headaches, backaches, stomach pain,  nausea, or chronic  fatigue?
  • Do you have negative self thoughts?
If you answered yes to some of these questions you may have a problem with depression


You will find help in Dr. Perino's book:


I think I'm hopeless... but I could be wrong.
A guide to building Self-Confidence
by

Joseph Perino, Ph.D.





  Introduction
Chapter 1
•Does This Sound Like You? •Shyness •Sensitivity And Self-Consciousness •Loneliness, Depression Or Anxiety •Self-Defeating Thoughts •Relationships •Getting Started •Just What Is Self Confidence •Self-Confidence Is Not An Absolute •Cyclical Thinking •Risk Taking •How This Book Will Help You •How Long Will It Take? •Things To Remember
Chapter 2
•Describing Yourself To You And Others •Who Am I •Physical Attributes •Appearance •Social Interaction •Personality •Family Relationships •Well Adjusted •Vocational •Activities Of Daily Living •Thinking Ability •Sexuality •Self-Inventory •Things To Remember
Chapter 3
•Who Said You Had To Be Perfect? •Setting The Standard •Self-Fulfilling Prophecy •Helping Others To Draw Negative Conclusions •Avoiding Rejection •Behavioral Signs Of Low Self-Confidence •Thinking Patterns Of Low Self-Confidence •Physiological Aspects Of Low Self-Confidence •Things To Remember
Chapter 4
•Faulty Cognition •Self-Confidence Quiz •What About When Others Criticize Me •Words Are More Than Just Words •How Self-Esteem Begins •Distorted Self-Talk •Some Cognitive Distortions •Things To Remember
Chapter 5
•Thoughts And Vocabulary Of Inequality •Preview Questions •Personal Enemy Number •Personal Ally Number •Blame And More Blame •The World Of Should •Was I Born With This Enemy? •But Parents Have To Criticize Sometimes •Is A Person Bad Or Different? •Are Parents Effective Models? •Things To Remember
Chapter 6
•Why I Listen To My Personal Enemy •Everyone Wants To Be Loved •Is This Enemy Of Any Value? •Some Other Characteristics Of The Enemy •Listen To Your Self-Talk •Try This •Things To Remember
Chapter 7
•Things Your Parents Forgot To Tell You •Just Like Acting On A Stage •Rewriting The Script •Why Didn't My Parents Teach Me About Self-Confidence? •How Was I Raised? •Personal Power •My Score •Things To Remember
Chapter 8
•Constructive Visualization •If You Can't Imagine It, It Can't Happen •Rewrite Some Scripts •A Parent Script •Some Hints •Things To Remember
Chapter 9
•Rewriting The Script •Outline For Success •Getting Started In Social Situations •What If I Can't Find Anyone To Talk To? •Development Of Problem Solving Skills •Things To Remember
Chapter 10
•What Do I Do Now? •Self-Help Books •Cognitive Behavioral Therapy •Cognitive Restructuring •Some Important Questions •Things To Remember






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