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Saturday, August 24, 2019

Mental Disorders

Mental Disorders (Basic Groupings):

Mental Disorders
Mental Disorders
It may be helpful to some to have a basic understanding or awareness of some different types of disorders and illnesses. Because the very name of any disorder or illness may appear frightening to some people (referring to those who receive a diagnosis, or their loved ones), part of the benefit of having a basic understanding of types of disorders and illnesses may be that one’s newly diagnosed disorder or illness may not appear so bizzare or alien to them. It may not necessarily be so frightening once we realise how commonly disorders are diagnosed and the fact that there are so many types of disorders and also quite a variety of illnesses. This in turn (becoming aware of the multitude of disorders and illness that there are in general society) may, MAY, give some people a little comfort knowing that others are living with the ‘same’ or similar thing, and maybe this may foster a little more hope, rather than thinking “what is wrong with me; what is this ‘thing’ I have got”. From my own experience and perspective, once I was actually diagnosed with OCD in 1998, it actually brought a little relief to me (and others) in that at least this ‘thing’ had a name,therefore we could begin to develop a better awareness about it. For some people it may be of some benefit to be aware of some other types of disorders and illnesses because it may help one to realize that they are perhaps not as ‘odd’, ‘different’, or whatever other preception thay may hold about themselves as thay perhaps origuinally thought. For others, it may simply be a personal matter of interest to gain more of an awareness aqbout the general or basic different types of disorders and illnesses that are more-or-less rampant through society. It is also generally recognised that to have at least a basic understanding of one’s own disorder or illness is usually beneficial or even needed in relation to the sufferer’s own defence again mental health problems. Disorders can so often be confused with other disorders or problems so to have a basic awareness of different psychiatric problems can be an advantage to us in overcoming our own specific problems and not getting mixed-up in dealing with the wrong “enemy” in the form of a disorder or the like. The list below is intended to promote the awareness of basic groupings of disorders and illnesses.

There are several very broad ‘groupings’ of disorders/illnesses as listed in world-wide medical/psychiatric diagnostic material including groupings of psychotic illnesses, neurotiuc disorders and non-psychotic disorders. Below is a very basic and broad list or grouping of various disorders and illnesses as listed, named or recognised in medical books such as the ICD10AM (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification).

Basic groupings as per the ICD10AM(International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification) are:

* Organic, including symptomatic, mental disorderseg. Vascular dementia.
* Mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance useeg. mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol.
* Schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders eg. schizoaffective disorders.
* Mood [affective] disorderseg. Depressive episode and Bipolar affective disorder.
* Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders eg. Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
* Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances andphysical factors eg. eating disorders and non-organic sleep disorders.
* Disorders of adult personality and behavioureg. specific personality disorders.
* Mental retardation eg. mild mental retardation.
* Disorders of psychological developmenteg. specific developmental disorders of speech and language.
* Behavioural and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescenceeg. conduct disorders

Each of these main groups breaks down into many specific disorders or illnesses. For example, various forms of depression fit under ‘mood (affective) disorders’. The above list is only a very brief description and a doctor such as a psychiatrist can identify very specific disorders/illnesses from any of these main groups of psychiatric ailments. This page is only a very brief introduction the the main ‘categories’ of disorders and illnesses. This topic, plus many, many more will be elaborated on some time in the future.

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