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Saturday, August 24, 2019

Therapy for Depression:Cognitive behavior therapy

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavior therapy is a rather broad term for quite a number of particular therapies. In fact, there are over 20 different therapies labelled as “cognitive behavioural” including rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) and cognitive therapy (CT) (Ref…to be added…). Therefore, CBT is a diverse term covering several types of therapies but there are some differences in these particular types of therapies. Basically, CBT involves addressing faulty thinking and our views about things, and addressing the ways of reacting to them. Behavior therapy (which is a different therapy) focuses on behaviour and behavioral responses, and has an emphasis on learning new behaviours but without focusing on thought processes such as disputing faulty or unhelpful thinking patterns or thoughts/beliefs. CBT is a type of psychotherapy that is action orientated, not analytical or relationship-orientated or being focused on our feelings and emotions. This “action” revolves around reconstructing thought and behavioural problems into adaptive and rational responses in order to handle problems in life. CBT assumes that if one’s self-statements are reorganised it will result in a reorganisation of behaviour so in terms of depression it will help us to reorganise parts of ourselves and we will not behave or think in a depressed state/mood (Ref…to be added…..).

What is cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) ?What other variations are there ? CBT includes cognitive therapy (CT) which has its own ideas and ways of dealing with depression. Also as mentioned earlier, there is REBT which has other formulations which can be very useful and affective in dealing with a variety of problems including problems that people may have while experiencing depressive symptoms. Both CT and REBT fall under the broad term of CBT (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy).

Cognitive therapy is a specific type of psychotherapy which has a focus on thought processes. It is widely used by therapists such as psychologists to help those with depression. In fact cognitive therapy is the most comprehensive form of treatment in the world as far as psychotherapy is concerned for treating depression (Ref…….. myers………). Cognitive therapy is used to help people readjust negative thoughts and dysfunctional beliefs and assumptions. Not only has cognitive therapy been PROVEN to be very beneficial for those with depression, but it is also successfully used to help others in need in different areas such as anxiety problems (for example panic disorders), addictions such as drug and alcohol abuse, relationship problems such as marriage problems, even personality disorders, and much more.
It is a highly reputable type of therapy and has respected validity in the field of psychology/psychiatry/psychotherapy. In short, it is a type of therapy that is highly regarded and very effective with proven positive results in many areas.

So if this is so good, how does it help with depression? This question may require quite an extensive answer but to put is very briefly, it helps by restructuring faulty assumptions and misconceptions (or otherwise known as cognitive distortions) in the depressed person. Cognitive therapy theorises that there are cognitive/thought patterns that pertain strongly to depression. This theory includes a belief that people with depression are battling with faulty assumptions and dysfunctional beliefs and this reflects itself through negative thoughts and these dysfunctional (or “messed-up”/unhealthy or “problem-prone” beliefs or beliefs that don’t function properly or are detrimental) beliefs while influenced by situational events leads to depressive motions or consequences. So, people under certain situational factors in where they have negative thoughts, assumptions and beliefs are prone to developing depression (Ref……………………). So how does it help ? By confronting and restructuring these negative thoughts, assumptions and beliefs.

There are many models and theories of causes of depression and the best ways to treat it. Some come from more of a medical background through to theories that are interested in situational circumstances and behaviours and/or thoughts that coincide with this. Cognitive therapy has an emphasis on the thought processes of those with depression and its aim is to help people to take on a more functional and adaptive way of thinking. Thinking correlates with behaviours and it inter-twines with feelings and feelings are associated with depression. There is evidence through medical procedures such as PET scans (a brain scan) that chemicals in the brain change and there are theories and debates as to how this happens and its association with thought processes, but we’ll concentrate on cognitive therapy’s philosophies. We will look at this later with posts to come.

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